cut


cut
cut1 W1S1 [kʌt] v past tense and past participle cut present participle cutting
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(reduce)¦
2¦(divide something with a knife, scissors etc)¦
3¦(make something shorter with a knife etc)¦
4¦(remove parts from film etc)¦
5¦(make a hole/mark)¦
6¦(injure)¦
7¦(make/form something by cutting)¦
8¦(let somebody get free)¦
9¦(tool/material)¦
10¦(clothes)¦
11¦(on computer)¦
12¦(go a quick way)¦
13¦(divide an area)¦
14¦(playing cards)¦
15¦(music)¦
16¦(crops)¦
17 cut a deal
18 cut (somebody) a check
19 Cut!
20¦(put a film together)¦
21 cut in line
22 cut class/school
23 cut your teeth (on something)
24 cut corners
25 cut something short
26 cut somebody short
27 cut the ...
28 cut somebody dead
29 cut your losses
30¦(line)¦
31¦(tooth)¦
32 cut somebody to the quick/bone
33 cut to the chase
34 cut a fine/strange etc figure
35 cut your own throat
36 (it) cuts both ways
37 cut the ground from under somebody's feet
38 cut and run
39 cut no ice/not cut much ice
40 cut the (umbilical) cord
41 not cut the mustard
42¦(drugs)¦
43 cut your coat according to your cloth
44 to cut a long story short
45 cut it/things fine
46 not cut it
47 cut a swathe through something
48 you could cut the atmosphere with a knife
Phrasal verbs
 cut across something
 cut something<=>away
 cut back
 cut down
 cut in
 cut somebody/something off
 cut out
 cut through something
 cut up
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
[Date: 1200-1300; Origin: From an unrecorded Old English cytan]
1.) ¦(REDUCE)¦ [T]
to reduce the amount of something
They're introducing CCTV cameras in an attempt to cut street crime in the area.
You need to cut the amount of fat and sugar in your diet.
Scientists are warning that unless carbon emissions are cut, we could be heading for an environmental catastrophe.
700 jobs will be lost in order to cut costs and boost profits.
The major aviation companies need to cut prices if they are to compete with budget airlines.
cut sth by £1 million/$5 billion/half etc
The welfare budget has been cut by $56 billion.
cut sth off sth
A new direct service will cut two hours off the flying time between London and Seoul.
Staffing levels had already been cut to the bone (=reduced to the lowest level possible) .
2.) ¦(DIVIDE SOMETHING WITH A KNIFE, SCISSORS ETC)¦ [I and T]
to divide something or separate something from its main part, using scissors, a knife etc
Do you want me to cut the cake?
The telephone wires had been cut minutes before the assault.
cut sth with sth
Jane cut the cord with a knife.
cut sb sth
Can you cut me a piece of bread, please?
cut along/across/round etc
Using a pair of scissors, cut carefully along the dotted lines.
cut through
We'll need a saw that will cut through metal.
cut sth in half/in two
Cut the orange in half.
cut sth into slices/chunks/pieces etc
(=make something into a particular shape by cutting)
Cut the carrots into thin strips.
cut sth to size/length
(=cut something so that it is the size you need)
The curtain pole can be cut to length.
cut away,cut off,cut out, cut up
3.) ¦(MAKE SOMETHING SHORTER WITH A KNIFE ETC)¦ [T]
to make something shorter with a knife, scissors etc, especially in order to make it neater
For reasons of hygiene, we had to cut our fingernails really short.
cut the lawn/grass/hedge etc
From outside the open window came the sound of someone cutting the hedge.
have/get your hair cut
Isn't it about time you got your hair cut?
4.) ¦(REMOVE PARTS FROM FILM ETC)¦ [T]
to remove parts from a film, book, speech etc, for example because it is too long or might offend people
The original version was cut by more than 30 minutes.
5.) ¦(MAKE A HOLE/MARK)¦ [I and T]
to make a hole or mark in the surface of something, or to open it using a sharp tool
cut into
The blade cut deep into the wood.
cut sth into sth
Strange letters had been cut into the stone.
Cut a hole in the middle of the paper.
Cut open the chillies and remove the seeds.
6.) ¦(INJURE)¦ [T]
to injure yourself on something sharp that breaks the skin and makes you bleed
cut your finger/knee/hand etc
I noticed he'd cut his finger quite badly.
cut yourself (on sth)
Marcie said she'd cut herself on a broken glass.
That knife's extremely sharp! Mind you don't cut yourself.
On Eric's chin was a scrap of cotton wool where he'd cut himself shaving .
She fell and cut her head open .
7.) ¦(MAKE/FORM SOMETHING BY CUTTING)¦ [T]
to make or form something from a solid piece of wood, metal etc using a sharp tool
I'll get a spare key cut for you.
cut sth from sth
The chair had been cut from the trunk of a tree.
8.) ¦(LET SOMEBODY GET FREE)¦ [T]
to cut something such as metal or rope in order to let someone escape from where they are trapped
cut sb from sth
She had to be cut from the wreckage of her car.
He was in the vehicle for an hour before he was cut free .
9.) ¦(TOOL/MATERIAL)¦
if a tool cuts well, badly etc, it cuts things well or badly etc
professional quality tools that cut efficiently and smoothly
10.) ¦(CLOTHES)¦ [T usually passive]
if a piece of clothing is cut in a particular way, that is the way it is designed and made
The T-shirt is cut fairly low at the neck.
11.) ¦(ON COMPUTER)¦ [I and T]
to remove something from a document or ↑file on a computer
To cut text, press Control + C.
Cut and paste the picture into a new file (=remove it and then make it appear in a new file) .
12.) ¦(GO A QUICK WAY)¦ [I always + adverb/preposition]
to get to somewhere by a quicker and more direct way than the usual way
→↑shortcut cut through/down/across etc
I usually cut through the car park to get to work.
Let's cut across the field.
13.) ¦(DIVIDE AN AREA)¦ [I and T]
to divide an area into two or more parts
cut sth in/into sth
The river cuts the whole region in two.
cut through
The new road will cut through a conservation area.
14.) ¦(PLAYING CARDS)¦ [I and T]
to divide a pack of cards into two
First cut the pack, and then deal the cards
15.) ¦(MUSIC)¦ [T]
to produce a ↑CD, song etc for people to buy
The band cut their first single in 2001.
16.) ¦(CROPS)¦ [T]
to take the top part off crops such as wheat before gathering them
17.) cut a deal
to make a business deal
A French company has reportedly cut a deal to produce software for government agencies.
18.) cut (sb) a check
[i]AmE informal to write a ↑check for a particular amount of money and give it to someone
When the damage assessor called, he cut a check for $139.
19.) Cut!
spoken said by the ↑director of a film to tell people to stop acting, filming etc
20.) ¦(PUT A FILM TOGETHER)¦ [T]
to put the parts of a film together so that they make a continuous story, and get rid of the parts you do not want
21.) cut in line
AmE to unfairly go in front of other people who are waiting to do something
22.) cut class/school
AmE informal to deliberately not go to a class that you should go to
She started cutting classes.
23.) cut your teeth (on sth)
to get your first experience of doing something and learn the basic skills
Both reporters cut their journalistic teeth on the same provincial newspaper.
24.) cut corners
to do something in a way that saves time, effort, or money, but that also results in it not being done properly
There's always a temptation to cut corners when you're pushed for time, but it's not usually worth it.
25.) cut sth short
to stop doing something earlier than you planned
The band has cut short its US concert tour.
Her athletic career was cut short by a leg injury.
26.) cut sb short
to stop someone from finishing what they wanted to say
I tried to explain, but he cut me short.
27.) cut the ...
spoken an impolite way of telling someone to stop doing something because it is annoying you
Cut the sarcasm, Jane, and tell me what really happened!
Cut the crap (=stop saying something that is not true) ! I saw his car outside your house.
28.) cut sb dead
to deliberately ignore someone when you meet them
I saw Ian in town but he cut me dead.
29.) cut your losses
to stop doing something that is failing, so that you do not waste any more money, time, or effort
He decided to cut his losses and sell the business.
30.)¦(LINE)¦ [T]
if a line cuts another line, they cross each other at a particular point
31.) ¦(TOOTH)¦ [T]
if a baby cuts a tooth, the tooth starts to grow
32.) cut sb to the quick/bone
literary to upset someone very much by saying something cruel
His mockery frightened her and cut her to the bone.
33.) cut to the chase informal
to immediately start dealing with the most important part of something
34.) cut a fine/strange etc figure
literary to have an impressive, strange etc appearance
Mason cuts a battered but defiant figure.
35.) cut your own throat
to behave in a way that will cause harm to yourself, especially because you are very offended or angry about something
He'd just be cutting his own throat if he left now.
36.) (it) cuts both ways
spoken used to say that something has two effects, especially a good effect and a bad one
The higher the interest rate, the greater the financial risk - which, of course, cuts both ways.
37.) cut the ground from under sb's feet
to make someone or their ideas seem less impressive by having better ideas yourself or doing something before they do
38.) cut and run informal
to avoid a difficult situation by leaving suddenly
Although the company has faced financial difficulties, they do not intend to cut and run.
39.) cut no ice/not cut much ice
if something cuts no ice with someone, it will not persuade them to change their opinion or decision
It's unlikely that these arguments will cut much ice with Democrats.
40.) cut the (umbilical) cord
to stop being too dependent on someone, especially your parents
41.) not cut the mustard informal
to not be good enough
Other magazines have tried to copy the formula but have never quite cut the mustard.
42.) ¦(DRUGS)¦ [T usually passive]
to mix an illegal drug such as ↑heroin with another substance
43.) cut your coat according to your cloth
to spend only as much money as you can afford
44.) to cut a long story short
spoken used to say that you are only going to mention the main facts of something
To cut a long story short, he threw them out of the house.
45.) cut it/things fine
cut it close AmE
to leave yourself just enough time to do something
Even in normal traffic, 20 minutes to get to the airport is cutting it fine.
46.) not cut it informal
to not be good enough to do something
Players who can't cut it soon quit the team.
47.) cut a swathe through sth
literary to cause a lot of damage in a place or among a group of people
A series of bribery scandals has cut a swathe through the government.
48.) you could cut the atmosphere with a knife informal
used to say that everyone in a place is very annoyed or angry with each other and this is very easy to notice
cut across [cut across sth] phr v
if a problem or feeling cuts across different groups of people, they are all affected by it
Domestic violence seems to cut across most social divisions.
cut away [cut sth<=>away] phr v
to remove unwanted or unnecessary parts from something by cutting it
Cut away all the dead wood.
cut back phr v
1.) to reduce the amount, size, cost etc of something
cut back on
Several major hospitals are cutting back on staff at the moment.
cut sth<=>back
Education spending cannot be cut back any further.
Richer countries must do more to cut back carbon emissions.
→↑cutback
2.) cut sth<=>back
to remove the top part of a plant in order to help it to grow
Cut back the shoots in spring to encourage bushier growth.
3.) to eat, drink, or use less of something, especially in order to improve your health
cut back on
Try to cut back on foods containing wheat and dairy products.
cut down phr v
1.) ¦(REDUCE)¦
to reduce the amount of something
cut sth<=>down
Installing double-glazing will cut down the noise from traffic.
cut down on
By getting the design right, you can cut down on accidents.
2.) ¦(EAT/USE LESS)¦
to eat, drink, or use less of something, especially in order to improve your health
I've always smoked, but I'm trying to cut down.
cut down on
Cut down on fatty foods and alcohol if you want to lose weight.
3.) ¦(TREE)¦
cut sth<=>down
to cut through the main part of a tree so that it falls on the ground
4.) ¦(KILL)¦
cut sb<=>down
literary to kill or injure someone, especially in a battle
Hundreds of men were cut down by crossbow fire.
5.) ¦(REDUCE LENGTH)¦
cut sth<=>down
to reduce the length of something such as a piece of writing
Your essay's too long - it needs cutting down a little.
6.) cut sb down to size
to make someone realize that they are not as important, successful etc as they think they are
cut in phr v
1.) ¦(INTERRUPT)¦
to interrupt someone who is speaking by saying something
'What shall I do?' Patrick cut in again.
cut in on
Sorry to cut in on you, but there are one or two things I don't understand.
2.) ¦(DRIVING)¦
to suddenly drive in front of a moving car in a dangerous way
cut in on
She cut in on a red Ford, forcing the driver to brake heavily.
3.) ¦(MACHINE)¦
if a part of a machine cuts in, it starts to operate when it is needed
The safety device cuts in automatically.
4.) ¦(INCLUDE SOMEBODY)¦
cut sb in informal
to allow someone to take part in a plan or to make money from it
cut somebody in on
Come on, Joey, you said you were going to cut me in on this one!
cut off [cut sb/sth off] phr v
1.) ¦(SEPARATE)¦
cut sth<=>off
to separate something by cutting it away from the main part
One of his fingers was cut off in the accident.
cut sth off sth
Cut the fat off the meat.
2.) ¦(STOP SUPPLY)¦
cut sth<=>off
to stop the supply of something such as electricity, gas, water etc
The gas had been cut off.
The US has threatened to cut off economic and military aid.
3.) get cut off
to suddenly not be able to hear someone that you were speaking to on the telephone
I don't know what happened - we just got cut off.
4.) be cut off
a) if a place is cut off, people cannot leave it or reach it
In winter, the town is often cut off by snow.
b) to be a long way from other places and be difficult to get to
Accessible only by air, the town is cut off from the rest of the country.
c) if someone is cut off, they are lonely and not able to meet many other people
Many older people feel cut off and isolated.
5.) ¦(STOP BEING FRIENDLY)¦
cut sb<=>off
to stop having a friendly relationship with someone
Julia had been completely cut off by all her family and friends.
cut yourself off (from sb)
After his wife died, he cut himself off completely from the rest of the world.
6.) ¦(INTERRUPT)¦
to interrupt someone and stop them from finishing what they were saying
Emma cut him off in mid-sentence.
7.) ¦(PREVENT SOMETHING)¦
cut sb off from sth
to prevent someone from having something that they need or want
The project aims to ensure that poorer people are not cut off from the benefits of computer technology.
8.) ¦(MONEY/PROPERTY)¦
to refuse to let someone receive your money or property, especially when you die
My parents threatened to cut me off without a penny if I married him.
9.) ¦(DRIVING)¦
cut sb<=>off
AmE to suddenly drive in front of a moving car in a dangerous way
A man in a station wagon cut me off on the freeway.
10.) cut off your nose to spite your face
to do something because you are angry, even though it will harm you
cut out phr v
1.) ¦(REMOVE SOMETHING)¦
cut sth<=>out
to remove something by cutting round it
The cancerous cells had to be cut out.
cut something<=>out of
Billy showed me the article he'd cut out of the magazine
2.) ¦(CUT A SHAPE)¦
cut sth<=>out
to cut a shape from a piece of paper, cloth etc
The children were cutting out squares from the scraps of material.
3.) ¦(STOP SOMETHING HAPPENING)¦
cut sth<=>out
to stop something from happening or existing
The idea behind these forms is to cut out fraud.
A catalytic converter will cut out 90% of carbon monoxide emissions.
4.) ¦(STOP DOING/EATING SOMETHING)¦
cut sth<=>out
to stop doing or eating something, especially because it might be bad for your health
The current advice to pregnant women is to cut out alcohol.
5.) ¦(FROM WRITING)¦
cut sth<=>out
to remove something from a piece of writing, especially because it might offend people
I would cut out that last bit about racial prejudice.
6.) cut it/that out
spoken used to tell someone to stop doing something because it is annoying you
Hey, you guys, cut it out - Mom's trying to get some sleep.
7.) ¦(NOT INVOLVE SOMEBODY)¦
cut sb<=>out
to stop someone from doing something or being involved in something
The new rules will cut out 25% of people who were previously eligible to vote.
8.) be cut out for sth also be cut out to be sth [usually in questions and negatives]
to have the qualities that you need for a particular job or activity
In the end, I decided I wasn't cut out for the army.
Are you sure you're really cut out to be a teacher?
9.) ¦(ENGINE)¦
if an engine or machine cuts out, it suddenly stops working
The engine cut out halfway across the lake.
10.) ¦(LIGHT/VIEW)¦
cut sth<=>out
to prevent light, sound etc from reaching somewhere
You'll need sunglasses that will cut out harmful UV rays from the sun.
11.) cut sb out
to prevent someone from getting something, especially your money after your death
Em's father decided to cut her out of his will .
have your work cut out atwork2 (15)
cut out the middleman atmiddleman
cut through [cut through sth] phr v
1.) written to move or pass easily through water or air
The boat cut effortlessly through the water.
2.) to quickly and easily deal with something that is confusing or difficult
You need someone to help you cut through all the irritating legal jargon.
3.) literary if a sound cuts through silence or noise, it is heard because it is loud
A piercing shriek cut through the silence.
cut up phr v
1.) ¦(CUT INTO PIECES)¦
cut sth<=>up
to cut something into small pieces
Could you cut the pizza up, please?
cut something<=>up into
He cut the paper up into little pieces.
2.) ¦(DRIVING)¦
cut sb/sth<=>up
BrE to suddenly drive in front of a moving vehicle in a dangerous way
Some idiot cut me up on the motorway.
3.) ¦(BEHAVE BADLY)¦
AmE informal to behave in a noisy or rude way
4.) cut up rough
BrE informal to react in an angry or violent way
Careful how you approach him - he can cut up a bit rough if he's got a mind to.
5.) ¦(CRITICIZE)¦
cut sb<=>up informal
to criticize someone in an unpleasant way
→↑cut up
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
WORD FOCUS: words meaning cut
chop to cut vegetables, meat, or wood into pieces
slice to cut bread, vegetables, or meat into thin pieces
dice to cut vegetables into small pieces
peel to cut the outside part off an onion, apple etc
grate to cut cheese or vegetables into small pieces by rubbing them against a special tool
carve to cut pieces from a large piece of meat
saw to cut wood using a special tool called a saw
chop down to cut down a tree, using an axe
snip to cut something quickly using scissors
shave to remove hair from your face or body
trim to remove small parts of something to make it look neat
mow to cut grass
prune to cut off the top part of plants, in order to make them grow better
See also: slit, slash, graze, gash, amputate
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
cut 2
cut2 W2S2 n
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(reduction)¦
2¦(skin wound)¦
3¦(hole/mark)¦
4¦(hair)¦
5¦(clothes)¦
6¦(share of something)¦
7¦(removal from film)¦
8¦(film)¦
9 the cut and thrust of something
10 be a cut above something
11¦(meat)¦
12¦(road)¦
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1.) ¦(REDUCTION)¦ [usually plural]
a reduction in the size or amount of something, especially the amount of money that is spent by a government or company
There will be cuts across all levels of the company.
cut in
Cuts in public spending mean that fewer people can go on to higher education.
The decision to make cuts in health care provision has been widely criticized.
tax/pay/job etc cuts
A shorter working week will mean pay cuts for millions of workers.
The building plans could be hit by possible spending cuts .
cut of
A cut of 1% in interest rates was announced yesterday.
2.) ¦(SKIN WOUND)¦
a wound that is caused when something sharp cuts your skin
That's quite a nasty cut - you ought to get it seen to by a doctor.
The driver escaped with minor cuts and bruises .
3.) ¦(HOLE/MARK)¦
a narrow hole in or mark in the surface of something, made by a sharp tool or object
Make a small cut in the paper.
4.) ¦(HAIR)¦ [usually singular]
a) an act of cutting someone's hair
= ↑haircut
How much do they charge for a cut and blow-dry?
b) the style in which your hair is cut
= ↑haircut
a short stylish cut
5.) ¦(CLOTHES)¦ [usually singular]
the style in which clothes have been made
I could tell by the cut of his suit that he wasn't a poor man.
6.) ¦(SHARE OF SOMETHING)¦ [usually singular]
someone's share of something, especially money
cut of
She was determined to claim her cut of the winnings.
7.) ¦(REMOVAL FROM FILM)¦
an act of removing a part from a film, play, piece of writing etc, or a part that has been removed
8.) ¦(FILM)¦ [usually singular]
the process of putting together the different parts of a film and removing the parts that will not be shown
Spielberg himself oversaw the final cut.
9.) the cut and thrust of sth
the exciting but sometimes difficult or unpleasant way that something is done
the cut and thrust of political debate
10.) be a cut above sth
to be much better than someone else or something else
The movie is a cut above recent thrillers.
He proved himself to be a cut above the rest in last week's competition.
11.) ¦(MEAT)¦
a piece of meat that has been cut to a size suitable for cooking or eating
Long slow cooking is more suitable for cheaper cuts of meat.
12.) ¦(ROAD)¦
AmE a road that has been made through a hill

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cut — (k[u^]t), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Cut}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Cutting}.] [OE. cutten, kitten, ketten; prob. of Celtic origin; cf. W. cwtau to shorten, curtail, dock, cwta bobtailed, cwt tail, skirt, Gael. cutaich to shorten, curtail, dock, cutach short,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cut — (k[u^]t), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Cut}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Cutting}.] [OE. cutten, kitten, ketten; prob. of Celtic origin; cf. W. cwtau to shorten, curtail, dock, cwta bobtailed, cwt tail, skirt, Gael. cutaich to shorten, curtail, dock, cutach short,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cut — ► VERB (cutting; past and past part. cut) 1) make an opening, incision, or wound in (something) with a sharp implement. 2) shorten or divide into pieces with a sharp implement. 3) make, form, or remove with a sharp implement. 4) make or design (a …   English terms dictionary

  • cut — adjective make or design (a garment) in a particular way: → cut cut verb (cutting; past and past participle cut) 1》 make an opening, incision, or wound in (something) with a sharp tool or object. 2》 remove (something) from something larger by… …   English new terms dictionary

  • cut — or short cut [kut] vt. cut, cutting [ME cutten, kytten < Late OE * cyttan < Scand base seen in Swed dial., Ice kuta, to cut with a knife: the word replaced OE ceorfan (see CARVE), snithan, scieran (see SHEAR) as used in its basic senses] I… …   English World dictionary

  • Cut — may refer to: The act of cutting, the separation of an object into two through acutely directed force Contents 1 Mathematics 2 Computing 3 …   Wikipedia

  • cut — cut·cher·ry; cut·ie; cut·lash; cut·lass; cut·ler; cut·le·ria; cut·le·ri·a·ce·ae; cut·le·ri·a·les; cut·ler·ite; cut·lery; cut·let; cut·ling; cut·lings; cut·ta·ble; cut·tage; cut·ta·nee; cut·teau; cut·ted; cut·ter·man; cut·ter; cut·ting·ly;… …   English syllables

  • Cut-up — (oder: Schnittechnik) nennt man eine Methode, den Zufall und die moderne Montage in die Literatur einzubeziehen. Sie wurde von Brion Gysin zufällig 1959 entdeckt [1]. Ähnliche Ansätze waren von Max Frisch und James Joyce bereits entwickelt worden …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cut — Cut, n. 1. An opening made with an edged instrument; a cleft; a gash; a slash; a wound made by cutting; as, a sword cut. [1913 Webster] 2. A stroke or blow or cutting motion with an edged instrument; a stroke or blow with a whip. [1913 Webster] 3 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • CUT — (engl. „schneiden“, „Schnitt“) steht für: Cut (Film), ein australischen Film von Kimble Rendall Cut (Musik), eine DJ Technik zur Erzeugung eines Übergangs zwischen zwei Musikstücken Cut (Zeitschrift), eine deutsche Fachzeitschrift für… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cut — (engl. „schneiden“, „Schnitt“) steht für: Cut (Film), einen australischen Film von Kimble Rendall Cut (Musik), eine DJ Technik zur Erzeugung eines Übergangs zwischen zwei Musikstücken Cut (Zeitschrift), eine deutsche Fachzeitschrift für… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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